Engineering Surveying

A method for measuring and describing the various forms of the earth and its surface based on the same spatial coordinate system. It includes control surveying, topographic surveying, architectural survey- ing, deformation and precision surveying, infrastructure surveying, water project surveying, line, bridge and tunnel surveying, and underground pipeline surveying.

Case 1 Surveying and mapping of the historic buildings on Lot 04-05, Lot 05-01, Lot 05-02 in Shanghai North Railway Station New Town